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    The visit of the mayor of the city of bujumbura this Tuesday, 12 July 2016 has been marked by the removal of flags torn apart in front of the workplaces public or private. The Mayor of the city freddy mbonimpa finds that the capital of bujumbura should serve as an example to other centres cities of the country. In order to enforce these symbols of the Republic, a fine of 300 miles was inflicted maintainers of the places and places that had flags torn. Four places were visited namely the pharmacy umuhoza, school saint Gabriel, the station kobil kamenge kcb and the agency of the city market. A heartfelt appeal has been launched to all societies to compulsorily flags symbolizing the colors of the country, National Unity and the one of the eac in front of their buildings.


    Contribution of participants in Brussels in front of the truth and reconciliation commission

    My name is niyongabo Philippe
    I’m a journalist graduate here in Belgium and independent and spokesperson of this committee to support democratic and transparent elections in Burundi.
    I’m one of the elders who you rest and who saw a few dramatic events in Burundi.
    In 1972, I was in 7th year preparatory to makamba
    Has the date of the first may 1972, we organized a football match with those who come from Nyanza-lac and I saw with my school mates of the simulacrum mureristes hutu rebel (depending on the version of the tutsis) who were attacking the Burundi from rumonge-Nyanzalac. A procession of the vans new flamey as if it was a non-governmental organization who arrived and without resistance to the forces of order to makamba. This is very cryptic this day because we the gawkers if vibe around them.
    On the same day in the afternoon military trucks from bujumbura arrive. Burundian Soldiers of micombero accompanied by military personnel from the Congo of mobutu. Another coincidence and instead of going to combat these mureristes, the military have arrested our teachers of the secondary and primary school as well as our directors and they murdered them on the river mutsindozi. Because I saw the bodies myself because me and a few students instead of crossing the border to go to Tanzania via nyabigina, we came back to take our bags and go home. I was with school friends of tutsi origin of vyanda, mugamba, rutovu, bururi etc. I knew only later that my colleagues were tutsi because we were oriented in 1973 at the atheneum of gitega in 8th school year where I haven’t met any student of origin hutu on almost 500 students all Tutsis.
    In 1973, at the athenaeum of gitega, ethnic cleansing had taken place and I find myself a single hutu, and I’m beaten to death by the elders of the 9th year and my woe plus I hadn’t had A bed in a dorm planned for the class and I became the first target for the baptism in the atrocity. Fortunately in Burundi, there are some good tutsi who have protected me if not I’ll no longer be alive.
    Anger fell on me because of the students of rwandan origin that aroused the others. Despite everything that I suffered i testify openly that all the tutsis are not bad as a few individuals thought. My colleagues tutsis saved me from the hands of bloodthirsty and I had the chance at the time after the fateful year of 1972 and I say that I had the chance to live until today.
    My contribution to burundi
    By an overwhelming testimony of the instigators of which you go read the detail in a memorandum that I deposited in front of the truth and reconciliation commission, we ask to bring to justice the former President Buyoya Pierre who is accused of killing his successor ndadaye melchior in 1993. Having participated in the genocide in 1972 against the hutu people, to have massacred thousands of citizens by methods guy since his return Nazi in power in 1996, to continue mourning burundians today by the creation of the insurgent movements Through the sindumuja and the cnared it funds.
    • My second contribution, it’s like to have put on this memorandum the contents of an analysis of the volunteers who have studied point by point the report of the united nations in 1997 and the evidence indicates that this report is the most biased in the world
    You will have the opportunity to browse for better gather the conflicting ideas of one or other.
    In summary the group of reflection and action for burundi creates at the initiative of asbl arib (Association of reflection and information on Burundi, this group newly created the grab included, these intellectuals of burundian nationality specialists in various fields, such as History, law, political science, International Relations, Sociology, the psychopedagogy, the languages and the exact sciences in an extended report they found that the international investigation report on the assassination of president melchior ndadaye and acts Of violence who followed him, report carried out by an ad hoc committee appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, on request of the security council of the latter, this report seems to go into the same logic of letting go, and even complicity Towards a state criminal. This is the state of Michel Micombero, Jean Baptiste Bagaza and Pierre Buyoya three military dictators guilty with the help of the army and the oligarchy that they have put in place since 1965, of the worst crimes against the people of burundi As a whole.
    In roughly, the group of reflection and action for burundi has been clear in relation to the report of the commission of inquiry on burundi.
    Another contribution contradictory of a girl who get sindumuja and who hasn’t experienced a lot in the history of burundi as nee in 1988 the same fateful day of ntega and marangara you understand what we consume in his ears.
    In the break, I was able to meet this youth who had to claim sindumuja and I gave him my point of view. For the name chosen by irresponsible, it shows the teaching of indiscipline for our youth of tomorrow. How can a young boy does he give full trust to a girl who revolts against any nature, to a boy who revolts against any nature, any politician who revolts to manipulate innocent people, the same set of revolt without Show what he wants to be apart of others. The girl finally will be able to understand that those who have given a name that in kirundi wears a curse do not seek war happiness to our future generation. A Case to follow in another comment that I prepare you on the aftermath of the event of this 13 July 2016 in Brussels.



    Umwicanyi Nkurunziza n’ibikoresho vyiwe bakenyeye kugira impfuvyi abarundi bose aho amakuru adushikira kuri uyu wa 14/6/2016 yemeza integuro y’igandagurwa ry’abandi bashongamateka bahereye ku mushingamateka Rwasa Agathon.

    Nk’uko ayo makuru avyemeza, integuro ija yaramaze kurangira ikaba iri uku gukurikira, irimwo bamwe muri abo mubona ku masanamu munsi kandi basanzwe ari nabo bagisibije mu Burundi batumwa n’umwicanyi Petero Nkurunziza.


    Mu nteguro igamije kwaka ubuzima umushingamateka Rwasa Agathon, haza imbere aba bakurikira:

    1) Général Miburo Kamotere
    2) Général Gervais Ndirakobuca batazira Ndakugarika
    3)Général Godefroid Bizimana
    4) Général Alain Guillaume Bunyoni
    5) Général Marius
    6) Colonel Nyamugaruka Dominique
    7) Colonel Nyoma yahoze ari umurwanyi mu muhari FNL
    8) Colonel Manalex
    9) Colonel Ibrahim yahoze mu barwanyi ba FNL
    10) Colonel Ndundi akorera mu biro kwa Nkurunziza
    11) Colonel Manuel atwara igendereza mu gisata ca documentation intérieure( mu rurimi rw’igifaransa )
    12) Général Maurice akorera igendereza muri cabinet rural
    13) Général Steve atwara igendereza mu Burundi


    Abasginzwe kunywa amaraso ya Nyenicubahiro Rwasa Agathon ni aba bakurikira:

    1) Major Désiré Uwamahoro
    2) Joseph batazira Kazungu
    3) Alexis akorera muri sécurité intérieure, batazira Nkoroka
    4) Komiseri Montfort

    Aba bose uko ari bane bagakorera ku mategeko ya Général Alain Guillaume Bunyoni, bakaba ari nabo barongoye umugwi wo gushira mu ngiro iyo nteguro.


    Abahejwe gushira mu ngiro integuro y’igandagurwa rya Nyenicubahiro Rwasa Agathon ni aba bakurikira:

    1) Augustin aba mu Kamenge karitiye ya Kavumu
    2) Edouard aba mu Kamenge karitiye ya Kavumu
    3) Kajaz asanzwe ategurirwa Kiliba Ondes mu gihugu ca Kongo
    4) Alexis ari Kiliba Ondes muri Kongo
    5)Juvenal aba mu Kinama karitiye ya Bukirasazi 2, nawe nyene abarizwa kenshi Kiliba Ondes
    6) Maheros aba mu Kinama muri karitiye ya Bukirasazi 1, akaba Kiliba Ondes
    7) Patrick batazira Kagame, uwasubijwe mu buzima busanzwe avuye muri CNDD-FDD
    8) Marcel aba mu Kamenge karitiye ya Kavumu, akorera muri SOBUGEA
    9) Egide Runyanya wo mu ntara ya Bujumbura bita Bujumbura – rural
    10) Alcade wo mu Kayanza
    11) Capitaine Kibinda
    12) Mafyeri, umwishwa w’uyo bita Kiringurira akaba avuka mu Maramvya mu ntara ya Bujumbura-rural.

    Aba bakaba ari nabo bashize mu ngiro igandagurwa ry’umuhisi Général Kararuza Athanase.


    Inkoho, amaroketi n’ibindi bikoresho bikaba vyashinzwe kuzotangwa n’aba bakurikira:

    1) Général Marius
    2) Major Désiré Uwamahoro
    3) Joseph batazira Kazungu


    Abashinzwe gucungwa uruja n’uruza vya Nyenicubahiro Rwasa Agathon ni aba bakurikira:

    Uruja n’uruza mu ngoro no hanze y’ingoro y’inama nshingamateka ruzocungerwa n’aba bakurikira:

    1) Umushingamateka Jean Baptiste batazira Gihahe avuka mu Kirundo

    2) Kibesani ajejwe umutekano mu nama nshingamateka, akaba avuka i Bubanza aho yanahoze atwara umugambwe CNDD-FDD muri iyo ntara nyene.


    Abajejwe gutega imitego umushingamateka Rwasa Agathon ni aba bakurikira:

    1) Major Désiré Uwamahoro

    Imitego nayo ikaba iri aha hakurikira:
    1) Annonciature
    2) kw’ibarabara ryitiriwe uwa 28 Munyonyo ariryo boulevard du 28 Novembre
    3) No kw’ibarabara rya CEKADE , n’ahandi n’ahandi basanzwe bazi ko ashobora guca.

    Ayo makuru nyene atumrlenyesha ko iyo nteguro yo kumara abantu ishobora no gushikira umukuru w’inama nshingamateka akaba n’umukuru w’umugambwe CNDD-FDD, akaba yagirizwa gusa nk’uwipfuza gusubirira Petero Nkurunziza mu mabangq yo kurongora igihugu. Nk’uko isoko ryacu ryabandanije ribitumenyesha, iyo nteguro y’ubwicanyi iriko abantu batatu nkoramutima babwirizwa kugandagurwa; muri abo umuhisi Hafsa Mosi akaba yaraye akuwemwo aho hasigaye kugandagura aba bakurikira:

    1) Nyenicubahiro Rwasa Agathon
    2) Umushingamateka Nyabenda Pascal.


    Je trouve pas à dire, la mort de ma sœur Hafsa Mossi tuée ce matin à Bujumbura. C’est un coup dur, un acte ignoble. Elle a été mon chef directe lorsque j’étais conseillère à la présidence de la République du Burundi; une femme organisée, responsable, un leader. Grâce à elle, j’ai appris beaucoup de choses, surtout, le côté professionnel. Sa famille, ses collègues de l’EAC, ses amis politiques (elle était membre du CNDD-FDD), toutes ses connaissances, bref, le Burundi, nous venons de perdre!!!!!!Que la terre lui soit légère


    Ranking GDP: the poorest countries of the world
    Burundi is the poorest country in the world.
    1 ‪#‎Burundi‬: $ 315,2 GDP per capita
    2 Central African Republic: $ 338,7 GDP per capita
    3 Malawi $ 352,7 GDP per capita
    4 Gambia $ 384,2 GDP per capita
    5 Madagascar $ 392,6 GDP per capita
    6 Niger $ 403,4 GDP per capita
    7 Liberia $ 469,1 GDP per capita
    8 Democratic Republic of the congo $ 478,2 GDP per capita
    9 Guinea $ 545,6 GDP per capita
    10 Togo $ 578,1 GDP per capita
    11 Guinea-Bissau $ 582,2 GDP per capita
    12 Afghanistan $ 614,9 GDP per capita
    13 Uganda $ 625,3 GDP per capita
    14 Mozambique $ 626,2 GDP per capita
    15 Eritrea $ 630,3 GDP per capita
    16 Burkina Faso $ 631,4 GDP per capita
    17 Mali $ 672,2 GDP per capita
    18 Sierra Leone $ 675,2 GDP per capita
    19 Ethiopia $ 702,1 GDP per capita
    20 Benin $ 709 GDP per capita
    21 Comoros $ 736,8 GDP per capita
    22 Rwanda $ 742,9 GDP per capita
    23 Nepal $ 751,1 GDP per capita
    24 Haiti $ 829,6 GDP per capita
    25 Senegal $ 934,6 GDP per capita


    February 24, 2016, I published an article in Kinyarwanda which analyzed the recent publications [ii] published on agriculture in Rwanda. As in previous analyzes [iii] – [iv], yet I was pointing out that the Rwandan government economic policy dominated by the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front), had led Rwandan agriculture deadlocked. [V]

    Many local newspapers continue to publish in the same direction, highlighting the contrast between the shiny statistics of increased agricultural production and chronic famines raging in every corner of the country. [Vi]

    Two articles have particularly impressed me. 1, English, researcher Dr. Neil Dawson, highlights that the agricultural policy of Rwanda has an adverse effect on the poor. The second, from 16.02.2016 and in Kinyarwanda, the statement by the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, Mrs. Dr. G. Mukeshimana, who says that the problems of Rwandan agriculture are related to the regression agricultural research. [vii]

    These two figures show that the best government statistics do not represent actual field events where food self-sufficiency would be an achievement for many Rwandans. It is common knowledge fact that official statistics are often manipulated [viii], to show another image [ix] of agriculture and economic development in Rwanda, which would be on the way to ensure food self-sufficiency. Yet all economic indicators are flashing red [x], showing the poverty and famine!

    According to the 2013 World Report on Human Development, Rwanda has a Gini index of 0.53, which ranks among the most unequal countries in the world. The richest 10% account for 40% of income, while the poorest 10% are content with just 3.5% of revenues. In fact 82% of the population lives on less than $ 2 USD per day, the population below the poverty line (those living on less than $ 1.25 / day) is 63.2% instead of 44 9% put forward by the official figures. The population languishing in multidimensional poverty is estimated at 69% by the same ratio [xi].

    Local press [xii] §§ show economic realities characterizing poverty, figures and pictures to support, when officials have difficulty in accepting this Rwandan misery they want to hide from international opinion. The unfortunate alibi, consisting of infrastructure growing like mushrooms in “very clean Kigali”, hide this terrible evil gnawing the little people, described by Ansoms (2009): “As elsewhere, policy is controlled by elites case in Rwanda. The majority of poor smallholder undoubtedly little influence on the political situation. The policy-making officials have little institutional or personal links with rural development issues, and many have a condescending attitude, even contemptuous, toward poor smallholders practicing “traditional” forms of agriculture “[xiii] .

    The failure of the RPF agricultural policy therefore takes the following main reasons:

    – Agricultural products are poorly paid by cooperatives controlled by the RPF and the end of the circuit, for processing or marketing companies attached to the RPF [xiv];

    – Economic policy is far from worrying about agro-pastoralists; rather it puts at its heart the interests of ubiquitous societies RPF. [xv]

    This explains why the widespread rural poverty. Although primary education is declared “free”, toddlers are unable to attend school because of poverty [xvi] and hunger [xvii]; Instead, they roam in urban centers or engage in odd jobs to survive. [Xviii] Some local authorities, not to miss their sometimes foolish performance contracts, use militias to fight blood of the poor who can not pay mutuals, or to force them to rebuild their destroyed homes under the pretext that they do not meet the decreed standards. [xix]

    This article therefore aims to comment or clarify some comments made in the writings of Dr. Neil Dawson and the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock.

    2. Materials and methods:

    To better understand the problem we relied on official or published documents include:

    – Crop Intensification Programme in Rwanda [xx];

    – Agricultural Reform Act [xxi]

    – Publication of LPDI (Land Deal Politics Initiative) [xxii]

    – Agricultural Research results of ISAR (Institute of Agronomic Sciences of Rwanda) alone or in collaboration with International Agricultural Research Centres from 1979 to 1992 [xxiii];

    – Local newspapers written in Kinyarwanda. [Xxiv]

    The information gathered allowed to comment on the publication of Dr. Neil Dawson, and the public statement of Ms. Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, Dr G. Mukeshimana. They have also given the opportunity to present a brief update on agricultural research in Rwanda from 1930 to 1994.

    3. Results and Discussion

    3.1. Publication of Dr. Neil Dawson. [Xxv]

    The article entitled “Rwanda Surprisingly Bad Hit by the ‘Green Revolution’ in French” Rwanda is unpleasantly surprised by the green revolution “is clear. It reads “Rwandan agricultural policies hurting the Poorest of the poor”, in French “Rwandan agricultural policies face the poorest of the poor.”

    This finding corroborates the reservations and concerns that we have always expressed to the agricultural policy of the RPF. specific facts show that in general and agriculture in particular economic policy is not intended to bring farmers out of poverty:

    – The choice of the neoliberal system screen to actually hides a blatant monopoly RPF companies;

    – The agricultural reform to the despoliation of farmers from their land and very awkward orientation monoculture are catastrophic policies for the poor and are intended to promote the new capitalists made from scratch by the RPF and the RPF.

    Dr. Neil Dawson believes that forcing farmers to adopt monoculture abandoning his polyculture system (multi-crops) is a way to weaken its domestic economy. This leaves a bitter observation: “the transformation of Rwandan agriculture through the use of inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides …), access to which requires monetization of agriculture and capital that the poor farmer n ‘no’.

    It is absurd to force the farmer to cultivate this or that speculation and force it to be part of a practice of agricultural credit. The farmer is an economic operator; it is for him to take the financial risk, and no one else should it impose.

    Worse is to threaten the law on agricultural reform [xxvi] acting as if he does not value its operations as required, he will lose his lands which constitute its major input. The producer therefore increase the poor status of the status of “free land”; He will be pushed to wandering, to family instability, poverty.

    These policies of plunder of land, rendering victims of the laws passed by parliament imposed by the RPF parliamentarians who care very little of the interests of farmers, to whom they have no accountability, can only produce effects that Dr. Neil Dawson found.

    This situation is aggravated by the fact that farmers are victims of local government that has the “performance contract” with the RPF regime that puts in place and to which it reports. Poor farmers are therefore in an unmanageable and very difficult situation because they have no one to defend them. Dr. Neil Dawson notes that when the farmer sees routed to such a hopeless situation, he prefers to anticipate events and sale operations. It is thus forced to become unemployed farm, wandering with children without a future; its poverty can only worsen.

    Dr. Neil Dawson for the finding is validated by three facts:

    – First: The Rwandan government requires the farmer to take the economic risk without giving financial guarantees profitability of the proposed system; because at the end of the production chain, there is no remunerative prices for agricultural products;

    – Second: The farmer normally has its production system to ensure food security for his family. The government does not guarantee that food security or the availability of substitute products or basic food products that the farmer does not produce itself. There is also no indication that the financial income of the monoculture will buy it at affordable prices, it can not produce itself;

    – Third: Even domestic labor is considered “free”, the government gives no guarantee that the seeds of quality required, nor does any agricultural insurance undertaking or exemption from debt seed and fertilizer in case of unfavorable weather conditions;

    The researcher Dr. Neil Dawson does not deny that agricultural production could increase, but noted that this would only be valid for one third of producers. If 85% of Rwandans are farmers as stated by the honorable Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, that means that 57% do not record any increase in production. This situation affects almost 7,000,000 people!

    The families of these people will never reach the performance advocated by agricultural policies. They will be subtracted from their land and irreversible slide into poverty. That explains the hunger that gnaws every corner of Rwanda, even formerly reputable attics areas of the country like the Plateau de l’Est, Mutara and northwestern Rwanda.

    The central problem of this whole system stems from the policy of prohibiting the farmer to choose himself a farming system ensuring the safety of his family. The peasant is forced to practice monoculture that has, in his eyes, no technical or economic justification. Moreover, further analysis indicated that behind the Rwandan Agricultural Policy nickname “green revolution” hide the interests of US multinationals’ Monsanto and Syngenta “[xxvii] associated with local economic operators who are the RPF corporate chain. It is these companies that control the Banker provider of agricultural credit sector and award contracts relating to inputs of transportation services that farmers are forced to use despite them. Farmers have no power to negotiate these inputs in prices since they are in a neo liberalism nurtured by the monopoly of these companies. This is the farce of “good governance” served ad libitum by the regime to its foreign sponsors.

    3. 2. Statements by the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, Mrs. Dr. G. Mukeshimana.

    Madam Minister said: “Some problems that we record in agriculture are related to climate change and the sharp decline in agricultural research for the replacement of the Institute of Agronomic Sciences of Rwanda (ISAR) by Rwanda Agriculture Board ( RAB). This is due also to the fact that ISAR has left little results … “.

    This last statement seems to be very ambiguous. Is there any search results or germplasm and animals lost during the war?

    But when she added that “This means that the RAB could not multiply seeds or create new varieties, produce inputs for increased production, or research on production constraints in order to provide appropriate solutions. … “[xxviii], things become much clearer. The unfortunate situation has little to do with ISAR. But Mrs. Minister has plenty to find a plausible explanation of the mess that his government has pressed Rwandan agriculture.

    As I pointed out in my conference in Amsterdam on 11.19.2015 “Sustainable development is not feasible without true reconciliation and democracy in Rwanda, qui are prerequisite for peace and security” [xxix], one of the handicaps for Rwanda is the eternal repetition: the newcomer destroyed what his predecessors have built, to start anew. This lack of capitalization of the efforts already made to results is a huge and regrettable waste of financial resources.

    Yes, agricultural research has suffered from the war of “liberation” of the RPF (1990-1994) and post-conflict instability (1995-2002). But we must be clear: the search is not a magic wand and do not work. Whether fundamental, applied and development research requires a lot of human and financial resources, time and assiduous unwavering integrity. But the Rwandan agricultural research today seems to suffer from the lack of political will [xxx] and ethics from the RPF regime and among some researchers. Is it not surprising, for example, to see that qu’ISAR agricultural research results was made, are rarely referenced in the new research?

    Yet these results are available in national institutions active sisters Agricultural Research of Burundi, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia who were grouped in ASARECA (Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa) and in the International Research Centers farm of the CGIAR [xxxi] (Consortium of International agricultural Research Centers) who worked with ISAR.

    If we want to conduct the search without well documented of all, how Dr. Mukeshimana she thought quickly achieve tangible progress in agricultural research?

    3.3. Brief overview of agricultural research in Rwanda 1930-1994

    Agricultural research in Rwanda began with INEAC [xxxii] (National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo) in 1930. It received its actual form in 1950 [ten-year development plan for the territory of Ruanda-Urundi (1950 -1960)] to solve the problems of famine that ravaged Rwanda and Burundi placed under supervision Belgian.

    The transfer of power between Belgian officials and Rwandan researchers took place after independence in 1962, the year of birth of the Institute of Agronomic Sciences of Rwanda (ISAR). Agricultural research has begun to rise around 1972 with the arrival of Rwandan academic frameworks (agricultural engineers, veterinarians, forest engineers ….). When the 1990 war broke out, ISAR had just had an experience of 28 years of research Agro-forestry-pastoral.

    The effort for a buoyant quality research began with the first “master plan” in 1985. In 1994, this plan was in its second phase which led to the decentralization of research to take account of regional agricultural specialization and the need for research and development in the real environment. And 8 regional centers of agricultural research were created: Ruhengeri: Potato – Corn; Rwerere: Wheat – Triticale – Potato – Corn; Mutara: Rice – Soy – Irrigated Corn – Breeding (ranching); Kibungo Bananeraie; Karama: Sorghum – Cassava – Breeding – Sprinkler irrigation; Rubona: Cassava – Sweet Potato – Coffee – Sorghum – Bean – Arboretum; Gakuta-CZN: Forestry – Agroforestry – Lands acids; Ntendezi: Bananeraie – coffee.

    It is regrettable that the war has destroyed some results and research infrastructure obtained through costly investments. Were physically destroyed several selected animals and trees / tree crops (coffee and forest heritage); The germplasm bank created Rubona those Ruhande and Ruhengeri (NPAP) were also ransacked; several research materials (Lab) were looted. But if there is political will and substantial funding, vegetable seed [xxxiii] can be recovered in the ASARECA networks and CGIAR.

    An uninformed agricultural research publications in Rwanda reader think she only started after taking power in 1994 RPF, alas, and Ms. Minister of Agriculture and Livestock does well to remind him its researchers: they should make reference to previous results obtained by researchers including ISAR. It is neither honest nor too professional tracing research or other science on changes and political propaganda.

    ISAR had achieved very significant results in the vegetable field. That’s why it hurts the heart to read or hear that “farmers planted the cassava that has not produced; farmers planted the seeds came from abroad and did not germinate … .. “.

    Do we blame the research and researchers or inconsistent agricultural policies?

    See the case closely. ISAR had selected seed suitable for each agro-climatic region and had developed appropriate cultivation techniques. We’ll give a few non-exhaustive examples to not let continue hovering blur that leaves reflected the insinuations of the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock.

    3.3.1 Tubers:

    – Potato: Sangema for land rich in high altitudes; Cruza for acid soils; and other varieties or cultivars as Mabondo, Kirundo, Kinigi, Gahinga, Montsama, etc. were created or selected by PNAP (National Program for Potato) in Ruhengeri. Most exceed 15t / ha, elites reached 30 t / ha of fresh tubers.

    In this area, ISAR working with CIP (International Potato Center) research stations Nairobi- Kenya and Lima-Peru;

    – Cassava: Creolina, Kibombwe, Kiryumukwe, Eala, Maguruyinkware, Mulundi who met or exceeded the production of 20t / ha of fresh roots. tubers programs were executed in collaboration with IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture) in Ibadan, Nigeria;

    – Sweet potatoes: Tura (tugure) Mugande, Karebenzungu, Masetsa, Gihingumukungu, Nserura, Rusenya, Nsasagatebo, Gahungezi, Wadada, Rutambira and others whose productivity could dépasser15t / ha of fresh tubers.

    3.3.2 Pulses:

    – Bean: Umubano, Vuninkingi, Puebla, Gisenyi Ngwinurare, Mabondo, Urunyumba with productivity exceeding 1.5t / ha of dry seeds;

    – Soybean varieties which were widely disseminated: Palmetto, Ogden, Bossier, with support from the breeding program and Rhizobium inoculation of the laboratory service Rubona;

    – Pea Collection with special focus on Kyondo varieties Nyagashaza, Rangiro II Cyambiro and Ibyerabirora.

    ISAR working with CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) in Cali, Colombia and CIRAD (Centre for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development) in Paris, France.

    3.3.3 Cereals:

    – Corn: ISAR had an advanced program selecting varieties and cultivars, including multiplied in the centers of Ruhengeri and Rubona. This is among other Nyirakagori, Bambu, Katumani in collaboration with CYMMYT (International Centre for the selection and breeding of corn), in Mexico City. Productivity reached 4t / ha of dry grain and the producer kept its seeds;

    – Sorghum: Several varieties selected SVR 157 which was used as raw grain BRALIRWA (Brasserie Limonaderie and Rwanda). ISAR collaborating in this program with ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics).

    – Rice: ISAR began the breeding program in close cooperation with the rice projects;

    – Wheat-Triticale: ISAR had selected and distributed some varieties and cultivars, especially to provide enough raw materials to mills Kabuga / Byumba and Ruhengeri.

    3.3.4 Orchard – fruit and horticulture:

    – Orange: ISAR was doing research on the “greening” and other diseases.

    – Bananas: Collection of “germplasm” with 62 cultivars Rubona and setting up a “laboratory” purification by banana tissue culture in vitro. This program was executed in collaboration with IRAZ (Institute of Agricultural and Zootechnical Research) Gitega / Burundi.

    – Lawyer: ISAR had made the selection of adapted varieties and much appreciated by farmers.

    – There was also a collection of varieties of pineapple, Vegetable crops and flowers.

    3.3.5 Other crops (industrial): ISAR working with the Office of Industrial Crops (RISO).

    – Coffee trees: The research on varieties, cultivation techniques and the fight against diseases and pests was far advanced. The best known varieties are: Mibilizi Bourbon Mayagwez, Jackson, Catura, Catuai … particular emphasis was also placed on the mulch in combination with agroforesterieen collaboration with ICRAF (International Center for Research in Agroforestry) in Nairobi, Kenya. ISAR-bought seed all nurseries of Rwanda and would begin a breeding program apical tissues in the laboratory in collaboration with the University of Gembloux.

    – Tea, the Pyrethrum and Cinchona were collection. Pyrethrum was worked Tamira then shelved, care of OPYRWA (Pyrethrum Board in Rwanda).

    3.3.6 Forestry and Agroforestry:

    – Natural Nyungwe Forest and other: In collaboration with American universities and forestry projects “Gishwati and Nyungwe”, ISAR was doing research on the conservation, enhancement and rational exploitation of natural forests.

    – The Central forest seed Ruhande supplied seed all reforestation nurseries MINAGRI.

    – Based on farmers’ knowledge and practices, and on the choice of local and exotic species appropriate, ISAR had begun to streamline Agroforestry which had become a common practice across the country. This program was supported by the International Centre for Agroforestry, ICRAF Nairobi, Kenya. [Xxxiv]

    3.3.7 Ageing:

    – Cattle: Research on cross breeds “Jersey Pie-black, Brown Swiss, Sahiwal” was very advanced. The results had allowed the progressive farmers and cooperatives to benefit from the efficient cross-breeds “mixed race three races” Ankole-jersey-Sahiwal adapted to local ecological environment and socio-economic life and livestock feeding constraints.

    Research on the local breed “Ankole” very resistant to many diseases and infections, and less demanding in power, began in 1976 and identified quality broodstock and female offspring can give on average 10L / d of fresh milk.

    – Sheep and Goats: The research on small ruminants, including sheep and goats, was in its infancy and in parallel with artificial insemination.

    – Gallinaceans and Fish Culture ISAR had left the research project of MINAGRI and the National University of Rwanda (UNR), but only helped in the diagnosis of diseases and the provision of vaccines by its veterinary laboratory Rubilizi.

    3.3.8 Agricultural Techniques and extension:

    – Fight against erosion (LAE), cultivation techniques, fertilization of crops: Many results were obtained on the EIA, cultivation techniques, spinning techniques and crop association, the use of organic and mineral fertilizers in different soil types with special emphasis on acid soils. The characterization of the physical environment has produced valuable information that holistic certainly affect the current restructuring of the medium.

    What sensible agronomist will, for example, ignore the LAE by radical terraces (bench terraces) is effective, but only if it is applied incorrectly, it can lead to the reduction of soil fertility, protect and even in certain circumstances expose to landslide disasters, irreversible?

    – Plant pathology laboratories and in vitro culture to PNAP-Ruhengeri and Rubona had allowed the treatment of certain viral diseases including Potato and Banana.

    – Socio-economics: the study of man in relation to his environment and his vital needs produced results that guided rectifiaient or research topics.

    – Extension: technology transfer techniques, developed through the results of the socio-economy and characterization of the physical, had helped to provide extension-performance seeds and responding to consumer tastes and that appropriate agronomic techniques. These technological packages were offered, popularized, without any physical or police coercion. In agronomic techniques and socio-economy, ISAR enjoyed the support of GTZ (German Technical Cooperation Agency), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), UNDP, CIAT, etc.

    Without being exhaustive, we wanted to point out some search results made by ISAR and are sufficiently documented (see note 23). RAB researchers can find methodologies that have achieved these results. They can then be inspired to make any improvements or make adaptive research based on new constraints or potential assets, as well as recent research tools. Madam Minister G. Mukeshimana is right to point out that agricultural research in Rwanda was backing up, especially by ignoring what had already been done.

    But it is not enough to blame RAB. Research requires lot and is expensive.

    She has enough attention and funding [xxxv] and a scientific liberty to refer same to the writings of non-aligned science / non-allies of the RPF? Does it have been assigned priorities to really solve the needs of the farmer?

    There’s enough doubt when the reduction of budget finances still affects agriculture, already poor child, and therefore probably also the research. And when we see that in the agricultural intensification program: “Started in September 2007, the CIP program Focuses on six priority namelymaize crops, wheat, rice, Irish potato, beans and cassava” [xxxii], sweet potato, the banana and sorghum are missing from the list, doubt sets in immediately if RAB is oriented to tackle the needs of farmers. For, except at high altitudes, these crops with beans form the basis of the diet of the majority of Rwandans (pp 110-111) [xxxiii]. And it was even said in the Rwandan mythology, sorghum seed was among the King Rwandans brought in his handshake at birth!

    For maize, declared as priority monoculture, many local papers highlight that its price is not remunerative and does not even cover the cost of inputs. Thus, the farmer works at a loss, and has no broad alternatives to meet the food needs of his family.

    We reiterate that when we impose a culture, economic logic requires that the consumer has easy access to substitutes or substitute products that it does not produce or / and has at least one financial income allowing him buying supplements his diet. However, this does not seem to be the case currently.

    Monoculture can be as agronomically dangerous, especially if done in succession without regard to crop rotation or fallow which is unlikely to Rwanda.

    How the Ministry of Agriculture account does provide farmers with an adequate and continuous production without breaking the cycle of fungal diseases and pests that proliferate after successive monocultures of rice, potato, maize, cassava, etc. ? There is enough fear for the future.

    4. Conclusions

    The Romans said that we must feed the people and entertain for him not to rebel. If Rwanda wants to happen with these 85% of Rwandan farmers and live in peace with its 1.2000.000 inhabitants, the RPF government priority and two logical choices:

    – Investing in agriculture to make the development of the engine and increase the food and income of rural farmers and breeders [xxxviii]

    – Develop simultaneously the other economic sectors to create employment in order to disgorge agriculture.


    Banyarwanda Banyarwandakazi namwe Nshuti z’u Rwanda,

    Benshi mubanyarwanda n’abatuye isi, babayeho bashyira mugatebo kamwe amashyaka yose n’abantu bose bagize opposition nyarwanda maze bigatera urujijo ndetse bikadindiza byinshi kuko batari baziko mubireba u Rwanda kubera amateka yaruranze habaho oppositions nyinshi zinyuranye.

    Muri aka kanya ndasaba abantu bose gukosora iryo kosa bakamenya ko hariho opposition ya politiki y’amahoro ishingiye kubuvandimwe n’ubusabane ikaba igizwe n’ishyaka Banyarwanda n’abo duhurira bose mumurongo w’Ubunyarwanda butavangura. Iyi opposition icyo igamije ni ukubaka igihugu tugira uruhare munzego z’ubuzima bw’igihugu bwa buri munsi (imbere mu gihugu no hanze), ibyo bikagerwaho hakoreshejwe gutanga ibitekerezo byubaka kumuntu cyangwa ishyaka iryo ariryo ryose riyoboye.

    Indi opposition nyarwanda iriho ni uko kubireba u Rwanda rw’iki gihe n’igihe gishize, hariho indi opposition igizwe n’imitwe y’ingabo irwanya leta hamwe n’amashyaka ari muri icyo cyerekezo n’imyumvire yose ibona ko uwo bahanganye ari umwanzi. Imitwe y’ingabo n’amashyaka ari muri icyo kerekezo, gahunda zayo ni unyice nkwice. Kuri opposition iteye ityo, ishingiro ry’ibikorwa byabo ni uko uwo bahanganye ari umwanzi bagomba kwikiza muburyo ubwo aribwo bwose.

    Icyagiye gituma haba kwitiranya opposition zombi, ni uko opposition ibona ko uwo bahanganye ari umwanzi, amwe mumashyaka ayigize, yagiye nayo agira gahunda n’ibikorwa bya politiki bisanzwe ndetse bamwe bakabishyuhamo cyane kandi ibyo bikorwa ukaba ushobora no kubisanga kuri opposition yacu y’amahoro. Ariko iyo ufite ubushake bwo kwitegereza neza usanga ko nta huriro riri hagati y’izo oppositions NYARWANDA zombi kuko ikiba kibyihishe inyuma kiba atari kimwe.

    Amashyaka ya politiki ya opposition yacu y’amahoro, gahunda yayo ni ugutanga mumahoro ibitekerezo kuri politiki y’igihugu no gukosora ibibi kugirango igihugu kiyoborwe mubundi buryo burushijeho kubera bwiza abanyarwanda bose. Amashyaka n’abantu kugiti cyabo n’andi mashyiramwe yumva ari munzira ya politiki y’amahoro yo kuba badahuje ibitekerezo na FPR hamwe n’amashyaka bafatanya kuyobora igihugu, nta mpamvu yo kwiheza muri politiki y’igihugu na za gahunda za leta hamwe n’inzego za leta ziri mugihugu no hanze yacyo.

    Ubundi politiki y’igihugu ishyirwaho n’ishyaka riyoboye leta rifatanije n’ayo muri opposition bahanganye kuko uwo ariwe wese uzanye igitekerezo bagicisha mu nteko ishinga amategeko bose bahuriyemo noneho ukinenga akagikorera ubugororangingo byarangira kigatorwa kigahinduka itegeko ry’igihugu rikurikizwa na bose. Aho ikibazo kiri muri iki gihe nuko amashyaka ya opposition ataragira abadepite munteko ndetse no muzindi nzego z’igihugu kandi hakaba hariho n’ingorane zo kuyareka ngo akore. Ibyo rero bigomba gukosorwa. Hariho ariko ikizere ko noneho buhoro buhoro ibiganiro n’imigirire mishya bishobora gutuma abakora politiki nyarwanda y’amahoro ba FPR na opposition yacu turushaho gusabana no kunoza imikorere mu gufatanya kubaka igihugu.

    Kuba umurongo w´ubunyarwanda ubu noneho utangiye kwisanzura muri z’Ambassades z’u Rwanda hanze ndetse no mugihugu ni intambwe ikomeye cyane kuko kiriya ari ikiraro (iteme) gikomeye kizahuza abanyarwanda bose n’inzego z’igihugu cyabo.

    Kuba kandi amashyaka ari muri leta amaze kugaragaza ko afite abayoboke bayo hanze nk’uko biherutse kugenda PSD na FPR bashyira kumugaragaro abagize inzego zabo mumahanga, ni ikintu cyoroshya imisabanire y’amashyaka ya opposition hamwe n’andi agize leta iriho.

    Abagize rero Ishyaka Banyarwanda hamwe n’abagize umurongo w’ubunyarwanda butagira umupaka kandi butavangura, ngirango ubu noneho murushijeho kumva ishingiro ryacu ndetse n’imikorere yanjye nk’umuyobozi wanyu murushijeho kuyisobanukirwa. Kubakira k’urukundo n’ubusabane bw’abanyarwanda bose mugihugu no hanze aho bari ku isi yose, mbona ko bizadushoboza kubona umuti mwiza wa burundu kubibi byose byabayeho bisenya u Rwanda. Icyo nifuza nuko nta munyarwanda ugomba guhezwa mu gihugu cye n’inzego zacyo hanze cyangwa ngo akigendemo yikandagira. Mugihe gitaha ndifuza ko hajyaho inzego zigamije gutinyura abanyarwanda no kubakangura kandi zigakemura n’ibibazo byabo haba kwaka ibyangombwa cyangwa gukurikirana uburenganzira bw’ugiriye ibibazo mu gihugu cyangwa munzego zacyo hanze.

    Ndasaba abafite ubushake bose muri gahunda nk’izi kwigaragaza aho bari tugafatanya urugendo. Uwo ariwe wese ashobora kubikora ari mu ishyaka Banyarwanda cyangwa se akaba ari mumurongo wa politiki y’ubunyarwanda. Icyo nifuza nuko abo turi kumwe mwese mwumva koko muri ijisho ry’ukuri ry’umunyarwanda k’ubutegetsi imbere mugihugu no hanze yacyo, ariko ibyo bigakorwa mumahoro, n’ibiganiro kubireba ayo mashyaka ayoboye igihugu hagamijwe kubaka u Rwanda rwa bose.

    Kubashora imari mu Rwanda cyangwa abahafite imitungo ndetse n’abasura igihugu hamwe n’ibindi byose by’ubuzima bwa buri munsi, iki ni igihe cyanyu cyo kutugana no kudutiza imbaraga kuko turi opposition NYARWANDA y’amahoro kandi yubaka. Ndifuza ko buri wese abona ko kudahuza ibitekerezo kwacu na FPR ari ubukungu bw’igihugu bukomeye cyaneee buzaranga abanyarwanda imyaka yose u Rwanda ruzabaho. Icyo tugamije kuri buri munyarwanda mugihugu no hanze ni ukumuvuganira mu nzego zose n’ahantu hose ku isi no mubibazo agize byose kandi ibyo tukabikora tubicishije muri politiki yacu yubaka ubunyarwanda butavangura kandi butagira umupaka.

    Ndasaba inzego z’igihugu hanze n’abagihagarariye bose hamwe n’inzego z’igihugu imbere mugihugu, kurushaho gufungura amarembo maze abanyarwanda twese tugasabana cyane kandi tugafatanya kubaka u Rwanda.

    Bitangarijwe i Bruxelles tariki ya 14/07/2016

    Rutayisire Boniface


    Abanyarwanda bizashyira kera ariko bazibohoza bongere baririmbe indirimboi yabo .
    Rwanda Rwacu, Rwanda gihugu cyambyaye,
    Ndakuratan’ishyaka n’ubutwali.
    Iyo nibuts’ibi gwi wagize kugez’ubu,
    nshimira Abarwanashyaka bazanye Repubulika idahinyuka.
    Bavandimwe b’u ru Rwanda rwacu twese nimuhaguruke:
    Turubumbatire mu mahoro, mukuli, mu bwigenge no mu bwumvikane.
    Impundu ni zivuge mu Rwandahose:
    Republika yaku y’ubuhake,
    Ubukolonize bwagiye nk’ifun’iheze.
    Shing’ umuzi Demokarasi
    Waduhaye kwitorera abategetsi.
    Banyarwanda: abakuru
    Namw’abato mwizihiy’u Rwanda:
    Turubumbatire mu mahoro, mu kuli,
    Mu bwigenge no mu bwumvikane.
    Bavuka Rwandamwese muvuz’impundu,
    Demokarasi yarwo iraganje.
    Twayiharaniye rwose twes’uko tungana.
    Gatutsi, Gatwa na gahutu
    Namwe banyarwanda bandi mwabyiyemeje,
    Indepandansi twatsindiye
    Twese hamwe tuyishyikire:
    Turubumbatire mu mahoro, mu kuli,
    Mu bwigenge no mu bwumvikane.
    Nimucyo dusingiz’Ibendera ryacu.
    Arakabaho na Prezida wacu.
    Barakabahw’ abaturage b’iki Gihugu.
    Intego yacu Banyarwanda
    Twishyire kandi twizane mu Rwanda rwacu.
    Twese hamwe, twung’ubumwe
    Nta mususu duter’imbere ko:
    Turubumbatire mu mahoro, mu kuli,
    Mu bwigenge no mu bwumvikane.


    L17/07/2016 Amakuru Turiko Turaronka Nuko Uwitwa ‪#‎ernestomandera‬ Yoba Yafaswe Nabakozi Biperereza Kandi Koyoba Yiswe Namakuru Tukitohoza Yatanzwe Nimbonerakure Yiyita ‪#‎badjilasylla‬ Ariwe Atanga Kumbuga Abicwa Naba Pfungwa Ahoya Kwiragiza Amafoto Yamandera Yemera Namahera Kuwuzofata Mandera Kwarikumwica Turaga Bishije Iyo Mbonera Kure Nayone Kumwanya Numwanya Mandera Aka Bura Konawene Ataho Azodusi Gira Yaba Yarazi Abarundi Ntaba Atanga Abapfa Naba Pfungwa Kuko Ariko Yimbira Icobo Umugore Nabana Yavyaye Nawene Kuko Muboyafatishije Canke Abavuye Mugisoda Bagakinjura Harimwo Intwaza Ngabo Ndahojeje Imiryango Igowe Yugarijwe Namaganya Kovuba Komugiye Kwishurwa Ndagabisha Uwowese Ari Muri Reta Ya Nkurunziza Ko Azobazwa Ivyo Yakoze Vyose Namwe Barundi Bandanya Mwandika Intonde Zizo Mbonerakure Nabasoda Naba Police Bigenza Nabi Nabandi Turazi Komutavuga Mubi Gire Mwibanga Kurya Twababwiye Isaha Nitariki Nuwo Akoreye Ikibi Ico Tuzokoza Izonkozi Zikibi MBEMURA CABONA ABITWA ABAJERERE BOKURI BUYOYA NIMUHAKURE ICIRWA.


    I propose that we withdraw definitively the arusha dialogue and the African Union. At the same time, we have to close the embassies of Rwanda, Belgium and France. How a man who works with our enemy kagame can he continue to be chief mediator? (I’m talking here of museveni). By refusing this gentleman, he can no longer hide behind its status as a mediator to concoct plans to push the Burundi in the pit all by saying that he’s looking for peace in Burundi. If he wants to do it, it will be under another status and this way the world the will of the aggressor as the Rwandans kagame. Me, I don’t want that, he continues to be called ombudsman main while he is our attacker.
    What’s this shipment of 200 police officers in a peaceful country where the dead are the fact of terrorism.
    ? How many dead records do we have in France, the USA under the effect of terrorism? The naked will they send police officers in these countries? In France, terrorists strike so that there is a state of emergency, Burundi, there’s not a state of emergency and we managed to keep the peace even in the insurrection neighborhoods of Bujumbura. So, between France and Burundi, which protects better its population? Well it’s the Burundi. So why France, always happen to the Burundi by giving proposals in favor of the people of Burundi so that it protects the population better than her?
    The world knows, Burundi is more secure than France and even the Rwanda. Which proves it is this plan to kill a lot of innocent people in Burundi to justify sending African soldiers in Burundi. So, why all this? The hidden plan is not to bring peace in Burundi but to give this country to the coup who will sell our country by allowing the exploitation of the wealth of the region of the great lakes Africans.
    I Lance so a call to all those who can hear me to involve our friends who are well feared by westerners to block the path to the latter. Today, the battle for control the Burundi gets to lua, because at the United Nations, the Russians and the Chinese have destroyed the westerners. Like there’s no Russians and Chinese in the au, westerners do not want to miss this opportunity. Faced with this, I believe that the time of diplomacy cunning is over, we must act. When the fire breaks out, we bring the water to turn it off. One of the ways that I propose is to let go of the diplomacy and break without delay relations with Rwanda, Belgium and France and to prepare for war.


    VYAVUZWE KERA BIMWE VYARASHITSE,IBISIGAYE NAVYO BIGIYE GUSHIKA VUBA>>. IMBURI KW’IHANGA RY’ABARUNDI. Ncuti z’umusaraba,bakundwa,soma iyi mburi y’ivyo Umuvugabutumwa BEBA yeretswe ari i Gatumba mu mwaka w’1992. 1.BEBA ari Gatumba yasavye Imana kw’akwiye kuja i Burundi,aravyemererwa,mugabo Imana imubwirako atazoba mu Burundi. 2.Imana iramubwira iti:hazoba amatora mu Burundi,ariko umukuru w’igihugu azotorwa bazomwica,uwuzokurikira nawe nyene bazomwica,uwa gatatu bazomwirukako. 3.Hanyuma y’ivyo Imana izohagurutsa imisore yanyu bahabwe inkomezi zo kurwana,indya bazorya,inka n’impene kandi bazogwana baba mw’ishamba. 4.Bazogwana gose,ariko Imana ntizokunda ko bafata igihugu kuko bohava bakuraho intumbero y’Imana. 5.Ico gihe impunzi aho zizoba ziri hose zizoca zihebura cane mbere zizokwicisha bugufi imbere y’Imana zihebuye. 6.Hanyuma y’ivyo hazoc’igihe,Imana ihagurutse umugwi uvuye inyuma y’igihugu witwa <<RUBURAKIGONGWE>>,bazokwinjirira mu bice bitatu vy’Uburundi batere amabombe mu gisagara ca Bujumbura,igisagara kizomera nk’ikibuga c’umupira,kizubakwa gusha. 7.Ico gihe abasoda b’Uburundi bazokwiyoberanya bambare impuzu z’ikigore bicare hasi bakome amashi.Abo nabo bazokira iyo ntambara. 8.Umuntu azoba arikw’ikimenyetso co gupfa azova iyo yahungiye atahuke kugira ngw’ivyo yagerewe bimushikeko. 9.Hanyuma y’ivyo,Imana izoca itora uwo yateguriye kuzotwara igihugu c’Uburundi imukuye mu buhungiro kubera ko abantu bazoba barapfuye ari benshi,abazomufasha gutwara azobarondera hanze y’igihugu. 10.Ico gihe nta ndyane z’amatongo zizoba zikiriho,umuntu azogerera aho agomba. 11.Amaraso azoseseka mu Burundi azoba ari menshi cane.Imana izogwisha imvura y’imisi 3 ikumure ayo maraso. 12.Ico gihe Abarundi b’impunzi bamwe bazoba barasabagiye mu bindi bihugu vya kure baratwawe n’INKUKUMA bazoca bahunguka bagaruwe n’Inkukuma. 13.Reka dusuzume buno BUHANUZI: Mu mwaka w’1993 amatora BEBA yavuze yarabaye NDADAYE aba umukuru w’igihugu inyuma y’amezi 3 baramwica.Hakurikiye NTARYAMIRA,inyuma y’ukwezi 1 arapfa.Hakurikira NTIBANTUNGANYA, BJYOYA amwirukako,ariko ntiyapfuye.Imisore ya CNDD-FDD na FNL yarahagurutse iragwana,ariko ntibafashe igihugu binjijwe n’AMASEZERANO YA ARUSHA.Ubu naho haravugwa umugwi hanze y’igihugu ushobora kuba ari ùwo RUBURAKIGONGWE ugira uze.Uwo nta vyinshi tuwuvugako turindire ubuhanuzi.AMEN.


    AMAHORO nimigisha bibe kubari mwisi mwese cane cane abafise inzara ninyota vyo kugororoka.

    Amahoro nimigisha bibe kubarubdi nabarundikazi bashasha aribo bagire binjire UBURUNDI BUSHASHA igihugu c’Amata n’Ubuki kitazotwagwa n’Imigambwe n’Amoko.

    IKIGO C’IBIBONDO (centre des Enfants) UBURUNDI BUSHASHA. Ico kigo kirateye AKAMO abakristo bose numutima, abafise ingabire yurukundo go mubikogwa atari ugo kumunwa gusa.

    Ko umukristo wese yogerageza kugira urukundo cane cane muri bino bihe bibi kuburundi. Ncuti za Yesu aho muri hose kwisi,

    Mwibuke ko naho Abarundi twese turi mubibazo ariko tutanganya kubaho. Niyo mpamvu IKIGO C’IBIBONDO kibateye AKAMO ko gufasha IBIBONDO bigorewe mukambi zitandukanye aho Abarundi bahungiye hose.

    Murizo nkambi harimwo IMPFUVYI nyinshi. Harimwo abana bo mwibarabara batagira aho baba. Ndetse NUBURUNDI Impfuvyi ziruzuye nabana bo mwibarabara.

    Rero mwebwe mwagiriwe Ubuntu mukaba harico mushoboye gufashisha ivyo IBIBONDO, ico kigo kibibukije kubagarukirako uko ubushobozi bwanyu bungana. Wewe ufise agahuzu, wewe ufise akanoti, wewe ufise utwo kurya, eka mwese muhaguruke mugarukire kurizo mbabare.

    Ivyo nubikora kuko nawe uwo mwana wawe yavutse nkabo turiko dutabariza. Rero nubikora bizotuma wibukwa nImana kumusi wamakuba.

    Reka kwica amatwi harico ushoboye. Fasha. Genda mukambi mubafashe canke muje aho mugihugu..


    Mwebwe mudashobora kuhashika nimuje aho hafi yanyu Impfuvyi ziriho nabana bo mwibarabara.


    Abitegute kumvira aka kamo bose tubasabiye imigisha iboneka mugitabo co GUHARURA 6 :24 – 26.

    Ubu butumwa mubushikirijwe ni :


    Mushora kuturondera kuri Watsapp zikurikira :

    Muhimpundu Lambert +256773704653.

    Manirakiza Richard +250787584814.

    Canke mukadutelefona kurizi numero zikurikira :

    Muhimpundu Lambert +25779487051, +25775487051, +256773704653, +250789922473.

    Manirakiza Richard +250782002591.

    Canke mugaca kuri Email yacu ariyo :


    Aya makuru yatumye IKAZE IWACU ikora iperereza ryimbitse dusanga koko ibyo abaturage bavuga ari ukuri kwambaye ubusa. Mumaze iminsi mwumva ko Leta y’ U Rwanda ifite gahunda yo gushyiraho icyo yise « ikusanyirizo » rusange ry’ibirayi ariko, mu by’ukuri ni umugambi mubisha wo kuvoma amafaranga muri rubanda nk’uko FPR isanzwe ibikora. Ni byo koko amakuru twahawe n’abaturage ariko tutaributangaze amazina yabo ku mpamvu z’umutekano wabo; arabyemeza. Abo baturage bose bemeza ko inama yo gucengeza ayo mabwiriza ya leta, yabereye i Nyabihu ishimangira ko iryo kusanirizo ry’ibirayi riiye gushingwa kandi ko umuntu utazabyubahiriza azahanwa bikomeye.

    Twabibutsa ko uturere duhinga ibirayi cyane ari Nyabihu, Musanze, Burera na Rubavu. Ikindi twabashije kumenya nuko abaturage bo mu Kinigi bihagazeho aho umuturage umwe yabimye ibirayi bye, igihe yari yapakije imodoka ngo ajye kugurisha i Kigali, noneho bamutegeka kujya kubigurisha ku ikusanyirizo, nawe arabyanga nuko, bamupakuruza huti huti, maze iyo modoka igenda ubusa.

    Uyu mugambi ubona ko nta kindi ugamije uretse kuvoma amafaranga mu baturage ku mayeri. Amakuru IKAZE IWACU, yatohoje avuga ko kugira ngo umuntu yemererwe kwegukana ikusanyirizo ry’ibirayi agomba kwishyura miriyoni zigera muri eshashatu (6.000.000 Frw) kandi akaba atazasizubizwa. Ubwo rero umuntu akaba yakwibaza niba aya mafaranga ari ingwate, umusoro, cyangwa se ni ayo kugura iki? Ese uyarishye azamara iihe kingana iki akoresha iryo kusanyirizo? ibi byose ntibisobanutse na gato.

    Abaturage badutangarije ko amafaranga bagurishaga ikiro cy’ibirayi yagabanutse cyane ugasanga inyungu y’umurengera izatwarwa na ba nyiramakusanyirizo. Urugero abaturage bagurishaga ikiro amafaranga 170 none bari kubaha amafaranga 125 ku kiro bo bakagurisha ikiro amafaranga 220. Iyo ubaze ubaze ifumbire igura amafaranga 620 ku kiro, ukongeraho umuti uterwa ibirayi, amafaranga 3400 ku kiro, utibagiwe imirimo yo guhinga no kubagarira, usanga umuturage asigarana ubusa. Twavuganye n’abaturage bo muri Mutura bafite amamodoka yatwaraga ibirayi, batubwira ko batemerewe kongera kubitwara ngo bajye kugurisha iyo bashaka kandi ari ibyabo

    Abaturage babuze ayo bacira n’ayo bamira kubera ibyo bibazo n’ ibihombo barohwamo na leta; nyamara ku rundi ruhande Minisitiri w’ubucuruzi, François Kanimba, aherutse kuvugira ku maradaiyo ko ari gukora ibishoboka byose ngo abaturage ntibakajye bahendwa ku byo bashora ku isoko. Uyu ministre arabeshya cyane kuko leta arimo niyo iri kwiba abaturage ku manywa y’ihangu. Twaerageje kuvugana n’inzego za leta zirebwa n’iki kibazo, ariko ntibyadukundira.

    Aya makuru yatumye IKAZE IWACU ikora iperereza ryimbitse dusanga koko ibyo abaturage bavuga ari ukuri kwambaye ubusa. Mumaze iminsi mwumva ko Leta y’ U Rwanda ifite gahunda yo gushyiraho icyo yise « ikusanyirizo » rusange ry’ibirayi ariko, mu by’ukuri ni umugambi mubisha wo kuvoma amafaranga muri rubanda nk’uko FPR isanzwe ibikora. Ni byo koko amakuru twahawe n’abaturage ariko tutaributangaze amazina yabo ku mpamvu z’umutekano wabo; arabyemeza. Abo baturage bose bemeza ko inama yo gucengeza ayo mabwiriza ya leta, yabereye i Nyabihu ishimangira ko iryo kusanirizo ry’ibirayi riiye gushingwa kandi ko umuntu utazabyubahiriza azahanwa bikomeye.

    Twabibutsa ko uturere duhinga ibirayi cyane ari Nyabihu, Musanze, Burera na Rubavu. Ikindi twabashije kumenya nuko abaturage bo mu Kinigi bihagazeho aho umuturage umwe yabimye ibirayi bye, igihe yari yapakije imodoka ngo ajye kugurisha i Kigali, noneho bamutegeka kujya kubigurisha ku ikusanyirizo, nawe arabyanga nuko, bamupakuruza huti huti, maze iyo modoka igenda ubusa.

    Uyu mugambi ubona ko nta kindi ugamije uretse kuvoma amafaranga mu baturage ku mayeri. Amakuru IKAZE IWACU, yatohoje avuga ko kugira ngo umuntu yemererwe kwegukana ikusanyirizo ry’ibirayi agomba kwishyura miriyoni zigera muri eshashatu (6.000.000 Frw) kandi akaba atazasizubizwa. Ubwo rero umuntu akaba yakwibaza niba aya mafaranga ari ingwate, umusoro, cyangwa se ni ayo kugura iki? Ese uyarishye azamara iihe kingana iki akoresha iryo kusanyirizo? ibi byose ntibisobanutse na gato.

    Abaturage badutangarije ko amafaranga bagurishaga ikiro cy’ibirayi yagabanutse cyane ugasanga inyungu y’umurengera izatwarwa na ba nyiramakusanyirizo. Urugero abaturage bagurishaga ikiro amafaranga 170 none bari kubaha amafaranga 125 ku kiro bo bakagurisha ikiro amafaranga 220. Iyo ubaze ubaze ifumbire igura amafaranga 620 ku kiro, ukongeraho umuti uterwa ibirayi, amafaranga 3400 ku kiro, utibagiwe imirimo yo guhinga no kubagarira, usanga umuturage asigarana ubusa. Twavuganye n’abaturage bo muri Mutura bafite amamodoka yatwaraga ibirayi, batubwira ko batemerewe kongera kubitwara ngo bajye kugurisha iyo bashaka kandi ari ibyabo

    Abaturage babuze ayo bacira n’ayo bamira kubera ibyo bibazo n’ ibihombo barohwamo na leta; nyamara ku rundi ruhande Minisitiri w’ubucuruzi, François Kanimba, aherutse kuvugira ku maradaiyo ko ari gukora ibishoboka byose ngo abaturage ntibakajye bahendwa ku byo bashora ku isoko. Uyu ministre arabeshya cyane kuko leta arimo niyo iri kwiba abaturage ku manywa y’ihangu. Twaerageje kuvugana n’inzego za leta zirebwa n’iki kibazo, ariko ntibyadukundira.



    Turatangariza abanyarwanda n’abatuye isi yose ko kuri ubu politiki nyarwanda mu gihugu no hanze (leta ya FPR na opozisiyo ) uyisanga mu mirongo ine y’ingenzi yubatse mu ishusho ry’ibikuta by’ibitekerezo bya politiki bitandukanye.

    Iyi mibonere ya systèmes enye ku banyarwanda usanga ishingiye ku bitekerezo mbere na mbere aho gushingira ku karere n’ubwoko.

    Abanyarwanda baramutse bahuriye hamwe nko muri leta y’inzibacyuho yubakiye kuri fondation y’ukuri nyakuri irimo abanyarwanda bose maze bagasangira ubutegetsi banganya amahirwe, bamwe bafite bitekerezo bigaragaramo ibisigisigi by’amoko n’uturere, byazageza aho bikayoyoka noneho bose bagasangira igihugu biyumva nk’abanyarwanda, badakeneye gushyira imbere ikindi kintu runaka cy’ubwoko cyangwa akarere n’ibindi abanyarwanda bakunze gushingiraho kugirango bigizeyo abandi banyarwnda.

    Ibi bikuta by’ibitekerezo ubisanga imbere mu gihugu ndetse no hanze muri opozisiyo kubatinyuka kuvugisha ukuri.

    Dore uko iyo mirongo ine ya politiki iteye:

    1. Umurongo wa politiki y’ibitekerezo byubakiye ku mateka ya système ya FPR n’ubutegetsi bwayo. Hari abantu ku giti cyabo n’amashyaka n’amashyirahamwe bumvako système ya FPR (kubayihozemo no kubayikirimo ndetse n’abatarigeze bayikorera) bafite imibonere yo kumvako système ya FPR atari mbi ko umubi ari Kagame ko ahubwo hakosorwa ibibi bagaya muri iriya systeme cyangwa bigawa n’abandi.

    Muri icyo gikuta cy’ibitekerezo byubakiye ku mateka ya FPR usanga harimo ibyerekezo bibiri kimwe cyubakiye kumateka y’Abega n’ikindi cyubakiye kumateka y’Abanyiginya.

    2. Umurungo wa politiki y’ibitekerezo byubahikiye ku mateka y’igikuta cy’ibitekerezo bya systeme y’ingoma ya MRND. Hari abantu ku giti cyabo n’amashyaka n’amashyirahamwe bumva ko ubutegetsi bwa MRND butari bubi ndetse bakumva ko iyo systeme y’ubutegetsi iramutse isubiranye ubutegetsi ntacyo byaba bitwaye.

    Abo bantu bavuga ko iyo modele y’ubutegetsi iramutse isubiyeho bo bakosora ibibi n’amakosa yakozwe mbere.

    3. Umurongo wa politiki w’igikuta cy’abafite ibitekerezo bya politiki bishingiye ku mateka ya MDR. Iki gikuta cy’ibitekerezo cyafashe imbaraga nyinshi aho imiryango y’abanyapolitiki bo muri Repubulika ya mbere baherutse kwibukira iyicwa ry’ababo mu Bubirigi.

    4. Umurongo wa politiki w’ubunyarwanda bw’ukuri butavangura. Mu mateka yawo, uyu murongo umaze imyaka myinshi kuko watangiwe n’Ishyaka Banyarwanda n’amateka yaryo.
    Kumugaragaro, uyu murongo uriho guhera mumwaka wa 2006.

    Ishyaka Nyarwanda ry’Imberabose PRM/MRP-ABASANGIZI mu ivuka ryaryo naryo ryaje rigendera kuri uyu murongo ndetse ryiyemeza no kuwuteza imbere mu bikorwa no mu mahame-remezo yaryo.

    Hari andi mashyaka n’amashyirahamwe ndetse n’abantu ku giti cyabo bagendera kuri uyu murongo wa politiki ariko batarafata icyemezo cyo kubitangaza.

    Mu miterere yawo, umurongo w’ubunyarwanda bw’ukuri butavangura wubakiye kuguharanira gushyiraho système y’ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda rushyashya rutagize aho ruhuriye n’urukuta rw’ibitekerezo byubakiye ku mateka n’umurage bya FPR cyangwa urukuta rw’ibitekerezo byubakiye ku mateka n’umurage bya MRND, cyangwa urukuta rw’ibitekerezo byubakiye ku mateka n’umurage bya MDR. Umurongo w’ubunyarwanda bw’ukuri butavangura ni système nshyashya yubakiye kuri ba victimes b’amoko yose n’uturere twose. Ni ukuvuga aba victimes ba système ya FPR n’aba système ya MRND n’aba systeme ya MDR.

    Kuri abo hiyongeraho abandi bantu (baba bato cyangwa basheshe akanguhe) batabaye victimes ariko badashaka kugarura ubutegetsi bw’izo systèmes z’ingoma za MRND, FPR na MDR.

    Abagize umurongo w’ubunyarwanda bw’ukuri butavangura harimo abantu kugiti cyabo n’amashyaka n’amashyirahamwe kandi bose bahuriye kugushaka gushyiraho systeme nshyashya y’ubutegetsi yayobora u Rwanda itagize aho ihuriye n’iya FPR cyangwa iya MRND cyangwa iya MDR.

    Muri bariya batabaye victims, hanabonekamo abantu usanga batarigeze bakorera leta y’u Rwanda igihe yagengwaga na ziriya systèmes z’ubutegetsi, n’abandi bigeze gukorera leta y’u Rwanda igihe yayoborwaga na ziriya systemes z’ubutegetsi ariko bafite ibyo bazinenga bigatuma bahitamo kuzitarura.

    Kuba umwe mubagize uyu murongo wa politiki ni uburenganzira bwa buri munyarwanda. Icyangombwa ni ukwemera amatwara yawo no kubahiriza ibiwuranga byose.

    Bikorewe i Bruxelles tariki ya 21/10/2015

    Responsable uhagarariye umurongo w’ubunyarwanda butavangura Rutayisire Boniface Perezida w’Ishyaka Banyarwanda/Banyarwanda Party;

    Responsable wungirije Dr. Gasana Anastase, Perezida w’Ishyaka Nyarwanda ry’Imberabose PRM/ MRP Abasangizi


    1. Kwikirigita. Ntushobora kwikirigita ngo useke, ubwonko bwawe buzi gutandukanya iyo undi muntu agukozeho cg ari wowe wikozeho.

    2. Guhumbya. Umuntu usanzwe ahumbya hagati y’inshuro 10~15 buri munota; ni ukuvuga hafi inshuro 20,000 ku munsi. Ntibiramenyekana neza ukuntu bigenda gusa mu guhumbya ubwonko buzimya bimwe mu bice byabwo ku buryo utabimenya, bimara amasegonda 0.10~0.15

    3. Guseka. Mu gihe cyo guseka ubwonko bukora akazi gakomeye bisaba ibice 5 bitandukanye hamwe n’umusemburo witwa Endorphins (soma endorofine) byose kwita kuri uwo murimo. Iyi niyo mpamvu iyo usetse igihe kirekire ugeraho ukumva uri kubabara

    4. Kuryama. Bifasha ubwonko gukusanya ibyo wiriwemo n’ibyo wabonye byose kugira ngo uzabashe kubyibuka nyuma

    5. Kurota. Ubwonko, mu gihe usinziriye uri kurota bukora imisemburo itera ikinya umubiri ku buryo udashobora gukora cg gukina ibyo uri kurota. Iyo uri kugona ntushobora kurota.

    6. Gufata ibyemezo. Abagore bibatwara igihe kirekire gufata icyemezo ariko igihe bagifashe ntibapfa kwisubiraho, bitandukanye n’abagabo bahindura ibyemezo kenshi

    7. Kwayura (niba ujya witegereza neza wabonye ko iyo wayuye uri kumwe n’umuntu nawe yayura, birandura).

    8. Umuntu usanzwe ku munsi agira ibitekerezo bigera ku 70,000, ibyinshi muribyo ni ibibi.

    9. Umuntu arota igihe kingana n’isaha 1~2 mu ijoro akarota inshuro 4 kugeza 7. Kwibagirwa ibyo warose ntago bikuraho ko utarose. Ubwonko bukora cyane iyo uri kurota kurusha igihe gisanzwe, abantu batabona nabo bararota .

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